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Steroid Hormones and Receptors

Steroid Hormones and Receptors

Steroid hormone receptors are nuclear hormone receptors of the NR3 elegance, with endogenous agonists that can be divided into three-hydroxysteroids (estrone and 17β-estradiol) and 3-ketosteroids (dihydrotestosterone [DHT], aldosterone, cortisol, corticosterone, progesterone, and testosterone). These receptors exist as dimers coupled with chaperone molecules, which can be shed on binding the steroid hormone. Although rapid signalling phenomena are discovered, the foremost signalling cascade seems to contain binding of the activated receptors to nuclear hormone response factors of the genome, with a 15-nucleotide consensus sequence AGAACAnnnTGTTCT (i.e. An inverted palindrome) as homo- or heterodimers. They additionally have an effect on transcription by protein-protein interactions with other transcription elements, along with activator protein 1 (AP-1) and nuclear issue κB (NF-κB). Splice versions of every one of these receptors can shape practical or non-functional monomers that can dimerize to form purposeful or non-purposeful receptors. For instance, alternative splicing of PR mRNA produces A and B monomers that combine to provide practical AA, AB, and BB receptors with awesome traits.

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